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Silk Road Angel Tours

Dunhuang of China.

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More than 1400 brick tombs were found at the Gobi Desert outside Xincheng Township 20 km to the northeast of Jiayuguan City. Most of them have large groups of underground frescoes of the Wei and Jin Dynasties (220-419), hence the name of “the largest underground gallery in the world". Among those excavated, eight tombs were frescoed on colored bricks, and over 700 pieces of frescoed bricks were unearthed.

  Tombs in the Wei and Jin Dynasties have two types: two rooms or three rooms of bricks. They are usually graves of a family. On the tomb gate, colored drawing patterns of clouds, water and fire, four immortals, and spirits and unique animals are carved. The tomb floor is covered with decorative patterned bricks. The walls of the tomb are all brick frescoes presenting the laboring people’s lives and the grave master’s luxury.

  Frescoed Tombs of the Wei and Jin Dynasties in Xincheng Township have attracted a large number of tourists from home and abroad since the excavation. The frescoes reflect systematically politics, economy, culture, military affairs, folk customs and technology in the Wei and Jin Dynasties. The frescoes, mainly painted with Chinese traditional realist approaches and earlier than the art in the Mogao Grottoes, fill the gap in drawing art of the Wei and Jin Dynasties, and thus are of a great historic interest.